Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) is a popular form of psychotherapy that is now widely used by psychologists, counsellors and mental health clinicians. CBT has become the treatment of choice for many disorders, such as depression, anxiety and problems with anger. CBT has been widely studied and, through an empirical framework, proven to be very effective in treating a range of disorders, such as psychiatric problems, psychological problems and medical problems.
Today, it is most commonly used to treat a range of mental health problems, chronic pain and suicide prevention. CBT is focused on the present: it’s time limited and is problem-solving focused. Within this therapeutic framework, patients learn specific skills they can use throughout their lives. This involves identifying and altering negative thought patterns, belief systems and relating to others in more positive ways. By altering thinking patterns, behaviour change is activated. It’s based on the notion that the way we perceive the world influences how we feel emotionally. It is people’s thoughts about a situation that affect how they feel, not the actual situation. The emphasis is on problem-solving and behavioural change. This is how it succeeds in being a time-limited and structured intervention that helps patients deal with their problems quickly and efficiently.